National Council of Resistance

From "The Resistance", The Guardian June 26, 2009:

According to the National Council of Resistance of Iran, students and women were responsible for a major portion of the more than 5,000 anti-government protests that were held in Iran last year alone.
From The Curious Case of Iran's Mujahedin, The Guardian, June 26 2009:

...the People's Mujahedin, otherwise known as the Mujahedin-e Khalq, called monafeqin (hypocrites) by their detractors and either PMOI, MKO or MeK for short, have been around for nearly half a century. Their origins can be traced to the radical politics of the years before 1979, and their early history is one of ideological twists and turns, schisms and betrayals.

To cut a very long story short, they lost out to supporters of Ayatollah Khomeini in the early days of the revolution and in response to a bloody crackdown began a paramilitary campaign against the fledgling republic. During the Iran-Iraq war they were given refuge by Saddam Hussein and allowed to mount attacks on Iran from within Iraqi territory, where they still maintain a settlement, now known as Ashraf City. Reports suggest they were involved in the suppression of the Kurdish uprising after the 1991 war.

In 2001, they renounced all military activity. Despite this, they were put on the EU's terror blacklist in 2002, a decision which was reversed in 2008.
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